Operation Theatre and Anaesthesia Technology
Operation Theatre and anaesthesia technician is an allied healthcare worker who assists with the administration and monitoring of anaesthesia and has an extensive knowledge of anaesthesia techniques, instruments, supplies, and technology.
Anaesthetic technicians are involved with all aspects of the delivery of a patient's perioperative (The period, before, during and after the surgery) anaesthetic care, taking into account the patients' religious and cultural beliefs and respecting their right to medical privacy and dignity at all times. Anaesthetic Technician also provides a key role in the emergency resuscitation of patients.
Before the Anaesthesia
Anaesthetic technicians prepare equipment needed for the patient to safely undergo anaesthesia. This involves:
Checking and setting up the anesthetic machine
Preparing intravenous drugs
Preparing intravenous therapy administration equipments.
Preparing a range of devices to maintain the patient's airway (e.g. laryngeal masks, endotracheal tube)
Communicating with the patient when they arrive into the operating theatre
Establish peripheral intravenous access.
Applying anesthetic monitoring to assess the patients' condition while undergoing surgery under anesthesia. This may include electrocardiography (ECG), blood pressure and oxygen saturation devices. The monitoring of other parameters such as anesthesia depth monitors (EEG, bispectral index etc.).
Inducing and maintaining adequate anesthesia.
Establishing and securing an airway.
Making sure that patients are positioned in such a way NOT to cause discomfort or injury during their procedure.
Monitoring and maintaining patients' vital signs and anesthesia depth.
Temperature monitoring and regulation.
Collection and analysis of patient (blood) samples.
Acquiring and administering transfusion fluids and equipment.
Anesthetic technicians assist the anesthetist with:
Waking the patient.
Removing airway devices.
Transferring patients to post-operative care unit
Operation Theatre and Anesthetic technicians are mainly employed by anesthetic departments or operating theatres, but can be found in other areas of clinical practice including emergency departments, intensive care units (ICU) and day surgery clinics.